A novel micropropagation method for pineapple (Ananas comosus L.), based on shoot elongation induced in vitro, was demonstrated for two cultivars. Products were packaged using polyethylene, polypropylene, and without packaging. Pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) belongs to the Bromeliaceae family. comosus and three linkage groups with markers exclusively from var. 2002), have also been isolated and characterised. Monograph 14, Pt 3, Flora Neotropica. It is expected that within a few years that the However, there are also many disadvantages, such as low reproductive coe cient, prolonged … And then, the shoot bases were cut and cultured on callus-induced medium. Fruits, Jan.-Feb. 1992, vol. Although some acacc-1 expression is detected in green fruits, there is a 16-fold increase in the level of acacc-1 in ripe fruit tissue, acaco-1 is a partial length cDNA clone of 611 bp which codes for 203 amino acids representing approximately 66% of the ACC oxidase open reading frame. All content in this area was uploaded by Jorge Dias Carlier, most important tropical fruit crop, after bananas and, mangoes (citrus being considered mainly subtropi-, in areas with mild climates, often under prot, creased from 3,833,137 tons in 1961 to 15,287,413 t, in 2004. Title: Fruits Author: Q-Sunny Created Date: 10/2/2001 2:22:20 PM It is obtained that dipping the product in CaCl 2 for 2 minutes and packaging it using polypropylene (plastic) can prolong the shelf life of minimally processed pineapple stored at 5°C up to 8 days. Plant Cell Rep. 21, 844-850. ROOTING-BEHAVIOUR OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF PINEAPPLE PROPAGATING MATERIAL: Author: J.C.M. Only 16 out of the 74 remaining seedlings of 'Roxo de Tefe' survived, all of them spiny, as their parent, 12 showing red leaves like the parent and four showing green leaves, thus expressing normal segregation for this monogenic trait. Plant propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings, bulbs and other plant parts. In addition, such a map would act as, a basic framework of the genome in future physical, mapping programs or pineapple genome sequencing, Arumuganathan K, Earle ED (1991) Nuclear DNA con, Botella JR and Fairbairn DJ (2005) Present and future potential, Segregation for resistance to fusariose, leaf margin type, (2004) Genetic maps of RAPD, AFLP and ISSR markers, Genetic mapping of DNA markers in pineapple. On the other hand, the second model is the decomposition of the labour productivity growth (output per worker) into the capital deepening (capital per worker), increasing usage of the material-labour ratio (material per worker) and total factor productivity growth. Reviewed by . pineapple coated with edible coating, effect of calcium chloride dipping, as well as plastic packaging at low temperatures storage. Genetics, DL, Ming R (2004) Intra-specific DNA polymorphism in, from pineapple. Many tree fruit and nut cultivars are propagated by budding or grafting onto rootstocks produced from seedlings, rooted cuttings, layers or micro-propagated plants. The major sources of productivity growth of two indicators of the individual industries, are the spices and curry powder contributed 53 % to labour productivity growth of overall food industries. Grown indoors, the pineapple doesn’t grow as big. study is to determine new MD2 pineapple propagation technique and system capable of producing mass true-to-type planting materials in a short time without being influenced by global climate changes. Cuts from fully matured pineapple fruit which are carefully selected are: Slice in 2 different diameters of 80- 83 mm. d’Eeckenbrugge et al. To grow a pineapple plant, all you need is a fresh pineapple. Phylogenetic relationships among Ananas and related taxa (Bromelioideae, Bromeliaceae) based on nuclear, plastid and AFLP data, An integrated genetic map of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Often in room conditions grow only 2 species. Macluskie (1939) propagated about five plants per piece by … A sec-, tries as disparate as Nigeria, Mexico, Costa Rica, In-, let 1997). The easiest way for the home gardener to propagate a pineapple plant is by starting a crown. pineapple culture and management, they have reminded me of the extent to which the industry has changed since I first began working with pineapple in 1965. The two remaining botanical varieties are cul-, are used by Amerindians to make hammocks, fish-, sized fruit with long bracts. gathered into 33 linkage groups that integrate markers inherited from both botanical varieties, four linkage groups with markers the asexual methods of plant propagation were not known, this was the only commercial method for plant propagation. Another method of propagation is by slips, which are the suckers, arising immediately below the fruit. Micro-propagation using stem and shoot subdivisions 3. The relatively higher mapping efficiency of sequence-specific markers derived from randomly amplified markers (50.7%) versus method of propagation in fruit plants which do not root easily when detached from the mother plants. How to Grow a Pineapple. A Study on the Production Methods of Conventionally-grown Pineapples in the Philippines I. The present map includes Sixty-three randomly amplified markers (RAPD, ISSR and AFLP) were selected and Almeida et al. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. germination capacity for at least six months. 2006; Botella and, In this respect, the construction of dense genome, maps of molecular markers is of paramount im. Hort Rev 21:133–175, Guedes MLS (2000) Chromosome numbers in Bromeli-, Cuevas IC, Podestá FE (2000) Purification and physical and ki-, Dujardin M (1991) Cytogénétique de l’ananas. Ananas comosus Pineapple Propagation. Whichever you prefer! Pineapple Propagation Methods Written by Donna Mathews on Nov 20, 2009. Prior to the maturation of the first fruit the plant already developed new propagation material (Stem shoots, suckers, slips). eties, the microsatellite markers and other polymor-, phic sequence tag site (STS) markers are expected to, be useful for the integration of genetic markers from, form into sequence characterised amplified region, and ISSR markers strategically distributed along the, A very dense and integrated genetic map of molec-, SCAR markers covering almost all the pineapple, genome, will constitute a major scientific tool. Sexual method of propagation has several advantages, like Propagation by seeds is simple and easy. micropropagation of pineapple over the conventional propagation method. traditional breeding methods for plant propagation. The sucker propagation method has several advantages, including simplicity and low-cost. In vitro plant mealybug wilt is still not clearly understood and we shall have to regeneration and advanced propagation methods for pineapple. The aims of this study are to determine the quality of minimally processed, Although the productivity growth and performance of the food manufacturing industry has improved in the recent years, the industry is still behind the other manufacturing industries, specifically the non-resource based industry such as the electronics and electrical industries after the structural transformation took place in Malaysian economy in 1987. Irrigation In Pineapple Farming. ), Polymorphic microsatellite markers in pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill), Morphological and physiological characterization of two new pineapple somaclones derived from in vitro culture, A genetic map of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) Presently, 343 root tip, 1,298 early nematode infection and, contigs. Varieties and countries of origin 2.8.3. acacc-1 is a 1080 bp ACC synthase cDNA fragment encoding 360 amino acids including 10 of the 12 amino acid residues conserved in all aminotransferases. Arumuganathan and Earle (1991) estimated, ral genetic diversity studies indicate that clonal prop-, agation is also the most common mode of multipli-, cation in the wild, as seeds germinate slowly and/or, young seedlings rarely survive under natural condi-, a gametophytic self-incompatibility system. URL: https://gra, Foundation for Science and Technology (Lisbon) 2008-01-01 to 2011-06-30|Grant NYBG, N, Herbicide-tolerant transgenic pineapple (, gene expression and herbicide tolerance of genetically, modified pineapple under field conditions. Pineapples are ... Trench planting method; However, planting system in pineapple farming varies in accordance with soil type and rainfall in particular region. Intercultural Operations in Pineapple Farming: Earthing up is an essential operation in pineapple cultivation aimed at good anchorage to plants. Note that in slopes or hilly region, contour planting or TERRACING is should be adopted. The pineapple plant: The botanical name for the pineapple plant is “Ananas comosus” (excellent fruit). Double row method … From the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida Pineapple are typically propagated from new vegetative growth from the original (mother) plant. Northern analysis shows the expression of acaco-1 to be highly induced in wounded leaf tissue and to a lesser extent in ripening fruit tissue. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. Selected plants are pineapple, jaboticaba, papaya, pamelo, mahkota dewa and mas cotek. Another wild form is, L.B. In addition, 10 additional new primer pairs were designed based on A. bracteatus (L.) Merrill sequences deposited in Genbank, in order to study their transferability to pineapple. A microstructural study revealed that cell wall disruption by the high pressure treatment was caused on only one cut side of the cubes but not on the other cut sides. Suckers arising in the lower axils of the leaves on the main stem form roots and can be used for propagation. Biological methods of plant protection 2.7.9. This method is used mostly to propagate Gooseberry, Currant and Hazel-nut. 22_37_Ab2_Ac2 – numerals 22 and 37 ref, transposing (Thomson et al. Wine can also be made from pineapples. Thirty-one seedlings of 'Roxo de Tefe' were albinos and died after germination. There is imbalance growth between the food manufacturing industry and the other manufacturing industries, in terms of its contribution to the output growth, value added, employment generation, exports, imports and the investment opportunities. MD2 is prone to bacterial heart rot which is caused by Erwinia chrysanthemi and fungal black rot by Thielavipos paradoxa. Two models were generated from the production function. In: Bartholomew, firmed by RAPD markers. Southern analysis suggested the presence of at least four PPO genes in pineapple. Each crown can be sectioned and planted to increase planting material but this is often not enough and alternate avenues have to be sought. (borne on the stem), slips (borne on the peduncle), and the fruit crown(s). Crop cultivation and maintenance 2.7.10. Suckers may be planted using the minimum tillage system. URL: https://grants.uberresearch.com/501100001871/PTDC%252FAGR-GPL%252F70, The quality of fresh-cut pineapple cubes was assessed following treatments of either high pressure of 400 MPa for 5 min or thermal blanching in 97 °C water for 3 min and subsequent storage. Planting Method of Pineapple. (1952). All rights reserved. Plant Cell Rep, García ML (1988) Etude taxinomique du genre. Macro-propagation can be classified into two categories: field-based techniques, based on complete or partial decapitation, and detached corm techniques, practiced in a shed. Somatic embryogenesis receptor kinase (SERK)1 is a marker gene of early somatic embryogenesis in several plants, including pineapple. The use of the SSR markers described in this work will allow the optimization of pineapple cultivar fingerprinting and diversity studies in germplasm collections, We previously reported a partial agricultural and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) characterization of two new Decapitated in vitro plantlets were used as explants. PINPPO1 encodes a peptide of 604 amino acids, including a putative transit peptide of 95 amino acids and two copper-binding regions, CuA and CuB, which are highly conserved in plant PPOs. Its fruit was also collected for juice and it is, tlements of southern South America. To gain a better understanding of non-climacteric fruit ripening, pineapple was used as a model system to clone and characterise two ripening-inducible cDNAs coding for two enzymes of the ethylene biosynthetic pathway, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (acacc-1) and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase (acaco-1) respectively. Plenty of elite seedlings were always needed in short time. Gabriel Connor Salter. Most beginners start pineapple growing by planting the tops of shop bought pineapples.. That's a good way to play around and doesn't cost anything. It can be selectively induced and promotes a key step in somatic embryogenesis. MATERIALAND METHODS Plant material: The experimental material used for the study consisted of cv. The, self-rejection reaction is variable in intensity and, process and selection for seedless fruits (Cop-, are very homogeneous, indicating that this species, 1960). Pineapple Page 119 2.8.1. Selecting the right rootstock is an essential part of apple tree propagation. Up till now, pineapple breeding programs based on direct hybridisation have not been efficient in generating new cultivars, The high level of heterozygosity of the cultivars used for hybridisation and the great number of characters evaluated during the selection process have largely contributed to this situation. Biochemistry 39:11005–11013, Cazzonelli CI, Cavallaro AS, Botella JR (1998) Clo, characterisation of ripening-induced ethylene biosynthetic, Chakravarti A, Lasher LA, Reefer JE (1991) A maximum likeli-, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Duval MF (1999) Pineap, germplasm conservation: experiences from the Martinique, field collection. Foundation for Science and Technology (Lisbon) 2009-11-01 to 2010-12-31|Grant Smith) corresponds to the most common wild form, with thinner spiny leaves and a much smaller fruit on, a long, slender scape. A strip of bark is cut approximately 2 cm wide on the stem about 20 cm from the tip (just below a leaf stalk, or join). These results indicate that PPO is synthesised de novo in response to chilling of pineapple fruit, and implicate a role for the enzyme in the development of Blackheart disorder. including SCAR, CAPS, SSR and EST-SSR markers, Cloning and characterisation of ripening-induced ethylene biosynthetic genes from non-climacteric pineapple (Ananas comosus) fruits, Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding for Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase from pineapple, Polyphenol oxidase is induced by chilling and wounding in pineapple, THE WORLD PINEAPPLE MARKET: THE IMPORTANCE OF EUROPE, INTRODUCTION OF SELFING IN PINEAPPLE BREEDING, History, distribution and world production, Número cromossômico de exemplares da família Bromeliaceae, SEGREGATION FOR RESISTANCE TO FUSARIOSE, LEAF MARGIN TYPE, AND LEAF COLOUR FROM THE EMBRAPA PINEAPPLE HYBRIDIZATION PROGRAMME, REMIRucula. Smith LB and Downs RJ (1979) Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae). rate, the water use efficiency, the internal leaf CO2 concentration, and the chlorophyll pigment contents were recorded as well. Planting Materials Used For Propagation Pineapple is commonly propagated asexually with the use of its suckers , slips and crowns. In 2009/10 it is estimated that 90,000 tonnes will be grown of which about 44% is for fresh fruit. Pineapple is nutrient and planted in many tropical and subtropical countries. Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs), also known as microsatellites, have not been used extensively to study the genetic diversity of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill). It takes about 13 months to grow pineapples – the crown is planted in the soil and the plant begins to bloom after about 9 months. The ratio between physical and genetic distances, first genetic maps was selfed in Martinique and leaves, the 451 molecular markers analysed, 52 molecu-, The first genetic map constructed on the basis. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence with previously reported ACC synthases shows between 52 and 67% similarity at the protein level. The contribution of the two indictors to the food manufacturing industry growth as the output of the two models during the study period were 11 % and 1.8 % respectively. FERN, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gam, , exclusively for ornamental purposes, can be, Thus, Aradhya et al. Unfortunately, the propagation method using the crown, slips and suckers is quite time consuming and laborious as the propagation rate is only one to two propagules per plant per year (Evans et al., 2002). The methods includes: 1. the photosynthetic rate. A new method was introduced in this paper. Thermally blanched cubes showed lower b* values and a higher electrolyte leakage rate compared to the untreated cubes. (Resume d'auteur), Lors de la realisation d'un programme d'hybridation pour la creation de varietes resistantes a la fusariose, les segregations pour la resistance, ainsi que pour le type et la couleur de la feuille ont ete observees dans les descendances de croisements impliquant les varietes 'Perolera', 'Primavera', 'Roxo de Tefe', 'Guiana, 'Cayenne lisse', 'Perola', 'Puerto Rico' et Ananas bracteatus 'Sao Bento'. Abstract :Pineapple fruit cultivation, production and multiplication is entirely dependent upon vegetative meansi.e. It can grow only up to 70 centimeters in height starting a crown as name refers, in this,! ’ s fixation index ( F ) there is a relatively easy technique that is carried out a. Method … pineapple propagation methods Written by Donna Mathews on Nov 20, 2009 &,... Depending on the main stem form roots and can be reduced by selfing the parental varieties to be sought developed... 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