Simply put, we use the speaker’s own words in direct speech. A slight change in the words can change Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Indirect She said the test was difficult. Unfortunately, the use of direct and indirect speech often becomes a source of typical grammatical errors in a piece of writing. ; In these two examples, you might have observed that when we use direct speech, we use quotations to outline the real words of the speaker. We might use indirect language when we correct someone or tell them bad news. Example of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. can be used when you wish to show alternative possibilities. Quotation marks or speech marks are used to enclose the exact words of a person referred to in speech. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Study the following brief to understand the varying usage of direct indirect speech with all types of Sentences. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of the statement should be in capital letter. 1. change in the introductory part Direct Indirect/Reported says/say said said stated, told asks/ask asked 2. purpose For Declarative that-clause for questions (Yes-No) if/whether for exclamations exclaimed that 11. a) Direct: Ali said, “I am very busy now.” b) Indirect: Ali said that he was very busy then. 50 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech explained in detail. Let’s take a closer look at each one! The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). We will move ahead with today’s session, working out when to use If and when to use whether. To master this grammar issue you should get the hang of the main distinctions between direct and indirect speech. 4. Direct vs. When using direct speech you quote what another person says with quotation marks. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder yes/no question is “Am I attending the party?”)Janice wondered the entire meaning of the sentence. Direct speech: "I might go to the cinema", he said. Direct and Indirect of Present Continuous Tense. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. In the lesson below I cover direct and indirect of modal auxiliaries.You will learn how to convey a message when you have modal auxiliary verbs in your indirect speech sentences. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. Simple present will change into simple past. Direct: ‘Do you think you know better than your dad?’ the angry mother jeered. If not, please help me correct them. Direct and indirect speech 1. Labiodental Fricative Sounds with Examples, Free and Bound Morpheme Examples in English, Fruits Name in English with Pictures for Kids, Adverb Clauses of Result and Concession Examples, Word Decoding Strategies in Reading for Kids. Indirect speechThis is sometimes called REPORTED SPEECH.When we use indirect speech in our writing:• We don’t use speech marks.• We usually have to change pronouns and verb tenses.• We don’t have to start a new line when we report a new speaker’s words. (1) Assertive Sentences. It does not require repeating the words word for word. Direct: He asked her, “How often do you work?” Indirect: He asked her how often she worked. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Change the following direct speech into indirect speech. In order to do this you can use the grammar structure named direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. You might have observed that in an informal or Indirect speech the words ‘If’ and ‘whether’ can be used interchangeably but while in the case of formal writing such as technical writing, or documentation at work you need to be very careful as to when to use … Indirect Speech. We have many worksheets to help you get to grips with direct and indirect speech. my … feel like using ‘whether’ would be more suitable than using ‘if’. It is used when someone’s words are … view as Recruiter. Direct speech can be used in virtually every tense in English. used. We might use indirect language when we correct someone or tell them bad news. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) An obvious difference is that with indirect speech, you won’t use inverted commas. e.g. Call Martha if you are going to arrive on Friday which means Aardvark only needs to The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. 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